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IFAD, Sustainability of rural development projects: Best practices and lessons learned by IFAD in Asia, VIET NAM CASE STUDY, 2009

  • To provide clearer guidance to the Asia and the Pacific Division of IFAD on sustainability, a consultancy was commissioned to TANGO International to design a framework and supporting programmes that will more systematically enhance the agency’s approach to ensuring the sustainable benefits of IFAD-funded interventions. This document represents the summary of findings from the case study carried out in Viet Nam. The two projects that are part of this case study are both under the Decentralized Programme for Rural Poverty Reduction (DPRPR). One is located in Ha Giang and the other in Quang Binh province.
  • There should be geographic and functional synergy between where the infrastructure is constructed, where demonstrations are carried out, where Community Savings Groups (CSGs) are organized, and where training is provided. In places where a value chain approach is being promoted, the market infrastructure should be developed in the same location where improved varieties will be grown and sold. This will produce a multiplier effect and will more likely lead to sustainable income improvements.
  • A market-led approach seems to be suited to Quang Binh province because it has the infrastructure and services available to make it work. The community-led development model, as envisioned in the original design, may be more appropriate to Ha Giang until the necessary infrastructure is put in place. Some value chain activities should be piloted in Ha Giang but it will probably not be possible to scale up to the extent that it can be done in Quang Binh.
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