$value) if ($value['eid'] == $eid) return $value; return null; } function RecommendedEntry_updateIndexFile ($eid_updated, $eid, $direction) { $filename = sprintf ($_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'].'/ReData/%d.txt', $eid_updated); file_exists ($filename) || touch ($filename); $fp = @fopen ($filename, 'r+'); if ($fp) { if (flock ($fp, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB)) { $ret = ''; $not_found = 1; while (! feof ($fp) && ($buf = fgets ($fp))) { list ($_eid, $_n0, $_n1) = preg_split ("[\t\r\n]", $buf); if ($eid == $_eid) { $not_found = 0; $direction ? $_n1++ : $_n0++; } $ret .= sprintf ("%d\t%d\t%d\n", $_eid, $_n0, $_n1); } $not_found && $ret .= sprintf ("%d\t%d\t%d\n", $eid, 1 - $direction, $direction); rewind ($fp); fwrite ($fp, $ret, strlen ($ret)); } fclose ($fp); } } function RecommendedEntry_incoming () { $eid_prev = $_COOKIE['mtrcmnd_eid']; if (isset ($eid_prev)) { if ($eid_prev != 1001 && RecommendedEntry_getEntryData ($eid_prev)) { RecommendedEntry_updateIndexFile (1001, $eid_prev, 0 /*incoming_from*/); RecommendedEntry_updateIndexFile ($eid_prev, 1001, 1 /*outgoing_to*/); } } else { RecommendedEntry_updateIndexFile (1001, 1001, 0 /*incoming_from*/); } } RecommendedEntry_incoming (); function RecommendedEntry_outgoing () { setcookie ('mtrcmnd_eid', 1001, time () + 2592000, '/'); } RecommendedEntry_outgoing (); function RecommendedEntry_initialize ($mode = 0) { global $RecommendedEntry_table; $RecommendedEntry_table = array (); $fp = @fopen ($_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'].'/ReData/1001.txt', 'r'); if ($fp) { if (flock ($fp, LOCK_SH | LOCK_NB)) { while (! feof ($fp) && ($buf = fgets ($fp))) { list ($_eid, $_n0, $_n1) = preg_split ("[\t\r\n]", $buf); if (1001 == $_eid) continue; if ($mode == 1) $RecommendedEntry_table{$_eid} = $_n0; else if ($mode == 2) $RecommendedEntry_table{$_eid} = $_n1; else $RecommendedEntry_table{$_eid} = $_n0 + $_n1; } arsort ($RecommendedEntry_table, SORT_NUMERIC); } fclose ($fp); } } function RecommendedEntry_GetEntry ($_index) { global $RecommendedEntry_table; foreach ($RecommendedEntry_table as $eid => $count) { if (--$_index) continue; $entry = RecommendedEntry_getEntryData ($eid); if ($entry) $entry['count'] = $count; return $entry; } } ?> IFAD (2014) Small-Scale Producers in the Development of Cocoa Value Chain Partnerships | Good Practices | Indonesia | APIP - Asia-Pacific Information Platform on Food Security

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IFAD (2014) Small-Scale Producers in the Development of Cocoa Value Chain Partnerships

  • During the period 2002-2012, in an effort to increase the number of partnerships involving the private sector to  benefit smallholder farmers, IFAD financed 16 projects with components on cocoa value-chain development in 12 countries : the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Honduras, Indonesia, Liberia, Madagascar, Nicaragua, Papua New Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands and Viet Nam.
  • In Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, the Mars Sustainable Cocoa Initiative, in partnership with the Indonesian  government and IFAD, is investing in research, education and cocoa certification. IFAD is supporting cocoa value-chain development in Indonesia with an investment of around US$10 million.
  • With IFAD support, small-scale producers were able to overcome the constraints related to a lack of access to
  • inputs, equipment and rural finance. In addition, training strengthened the skills of smallholder farmers to allow them to better engage with other chain stakeholders and be more market- compliant, as well as to improve
  • their farming practices, such as the pruning of cocoa trees and the controlling of shade, and their post- harvest activities, such as the storing of crops and accessing of markets.
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    Reference
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